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Symposium on Sunflower and Climate Change

The International Symposium on Sunflower and Climate Change was organized in the frame of the SUNRISE project, by INRA Toulouse (Institut National de Recherche en Agronomie) and the French technical c...

In brief

In an unprecedented effort - 8 years project, investment of €21m, 16 partners including 9 public laboratories with a specific investment of INRA, 6 companies involved in sunflower breeding and the ...

The Project

In a context of climate changes and of world increasing demand for oilseed production, it is crucial to improve resistance to drought and yields of sunflower crops in such conditions. To improve ge...

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  • Sunrise external newsletter - n°4 - Sept 2017:

 

The external information letter of the SUNRISE project January 2018
  Logo   NewsLetter4   The external information letter of the SUNRISE project
January 2018
 
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EDITORIAL

We send you today this SUNRISE external information letter, which allow you to follow SUNRISE results.
This period is particularly marked by the latest scientific publications and by the annual meeting that brought together SUNRISE community in december.

 

Anne-Sophie Lubrano-Lavadera, SUNRISE project manager
 
             
SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS
             
 

9 SUNRISE scientific publications in 2017!

  • The sunflower genome provides insights into oil metabolism, flowering and Asterid evolution. Badouin H. et al., Nature (2017) (link).
  • Sunflower crop and climate change in Europe: vulnerability, adaptation, and mitigation potential. Debaeke P. et al., OCL (2017) (Link)
  • Eco-innovation in Plant Breeding: Insights from the Sunflower Industry. Galiano D et al., Journal of Cleaner Production (2017) (link)
  • Comparison of GWAS models to identify non-additive genetic control of flowering time in sunflower hybrids. Bonnafous F. et al., Theoretical and applied genetics (2017) (Link)
  • Molecular diversity of sunflower populations maintained as genetic resources is affected by multiplication processes and breeding for major traits. Magin B. et al., Theor Appl Genet (2017) (link)
  • Genomic Prediction of Sunflower Hybrids Oil Content. Mangin B. et al., Front. Plant Sci (2017) (link)
  • Genetic control of plasticity of oil yield for combined abiotic stresses using a joint approach of crop modelling and genome-wide association. Mangin, B., et al.,  Plant, Cell & Environment (2017) (link)
  • Optimization of black-box models with uncertain climatic inputs - application to sunflower ideotype design. Picheny V., Trépos, R. & Casadebaig P., PLoS ONE (2017) (link)
  • Using numerical plant models and phenotypic correlation space to design achievable ideotypes. Picheny, V., et al., E. Plant, Cell & Environment (2017)  (link)
 
             
SUNRISE NEWS
             
  ImageImage   December annual meeting  
   

Sunrise community gathered in December for the 6th annual meeting. On the agenda: ANR follow-up of the project, communication, socio-economic studies, challenges of bioinformatics on sunflower, genetics of agronomic traits, validation of genetic and molecular mechanisms, production of genetic material, agronomic modeling and phenotyping, systems biology, etc.

A brainstorming session on the "post-project" was also organized to discuss of scientific objectives to be pursued from 2020.

 
             
  Image   ANR follow-up of the project  
   

On the occasion of the annual meeting, the ANR presented the follow-up indicators for PIA projects. Concerning Sunrise project: 56% of the total project aid was consumed at the end of 2016. The implementation rate since the beginning of the project is 45% (number of deliverables reached at the end of 2016 in relation to all project tasks). 5 Sunrise scientific publications were reviewed at the end of 2016. 9 new articles were published in 2017.

 
             
  Image   SUNRISE thesis completed in december 2017: "Taking into account of information a priori in genomic selection in a device of hybrids of sunflower"  
   

After a master's degree in Biostatistics, Fanny Bonnafous joined the LIPM at the end of 2014 to complete her 3 years thesis. The thesis on "Taking into account information a priori in genomic selection in a sunflower hybrid device", supervised by Brigitte Mangin and Nicolas Langlade (LIPM INRA), was funded by Biogemma, RAGT 2n, Soltis, Syngenta and INRA. Identifying genomic regions of interest by studying different models of association genetics and testing the performance of genomic selection on the GWA device were the main work done. This work has yielded major results in WorkPackage 6 SUNRISE - Identification of genetic and molecular mechanisms of yield stability. .

 
             
  ImageImage   Results of the 2017 phenotyping trials  
   

NAM-DRR in fields: 18 populations were phenotyped in 2017. 1,200 plots on the Syngenta trial in Chile and 1,850 plots on the sites of Soltis/Biogemma, Syngenta, LIPM and Terres Inovia in France. (Photo: A nozzle protects the LIPM test against birds that consume seeds or young seedlings.)

GWA in fields validation on yield and dryness indicators: 15 trials were conducted by SUNRISE partners on 24 hybrids/devices.

Heliaphen platform: In 2017, 11 experiments were conducted on Heliaphen (1,508 plants). 548 plants for seed production (epigenetic study), 432 for the measurement of yield components and 528 for foliar extension monitoring. This is the largest campaign since the creation of the platform (2,152 plants in all).

 
             
  Image   Significant effort by partners to implement trials outside France  
   

Caussade Semences and Maïsadour Semences conducted trials in Romania in 2015, 2016 and 2017. Syngenta conducted a trial in Chile (2016-2017).

In 2017 collaborations with academic partners USDA (USA) and INTA Manfredi (Argentina) are set up for the phenotyping of witnesses.

 
             
  Imgae   Phénomobile: the high-tech phenotyping tool  
   

Phénomobile (version 2) arrived in September in the Experimental Unit of the site of Inra Occitanie-Toulouse. It was tested on a SUNRISE test trial in August. This fully automated robot can describe the phenotypic characteristics of a crop using imaging sensors and LiDARs (scanning laser). After a first version designed and developed by Arvalis, in conjunction with the INRA Avignon, the new phenomenon (version 2) was developed by the companies Meca3D, Robopec and Hi-Phen as part of the PIA Phenome project, in collaboration with INRA, notably UMT CAPTE and UMR AGIR, and Arvalis.

 
             
COMMUNICATION
             
  Imgae   Results of 2017 campaign  
   

SUNRISE communication plan aims to improve the internal visibility of the project, within the community, but also externally.

Internally in 2017: 5 internal newsletters, 2 internal trainings, 1 annual meeting, etc.

External communication in 2017: 2 newsletters, animation of the tweeter account, 1 video, 2 brochures, 1 stand at the science festival, 1 TV report, 1 international scientific symposium, etc.

With students: collaboration with ENSAT, intervention with students in M2 Plant Biology...

 
             
    Discover the video of the automated phenotyping platform Heliaphen  
   

Nicolas Langlade (LIPM, SUNRISE scientific coordinator), Nicolas Blanchet (LIPM, Head of the Heliaphen platform) and Pierre Casadebaig (AGIR, agronomic modeling manager SUNFLO) present the platform of phenotyping Heliaphen, its operation and the use of its data in the research work.

 
             
  Imgae   Booklet: germination
a challenge for growing sunflower
 
   

Discover the infographic on the germination work carried out by Christophe Bailly and his team at UPMC: the stakes of germination, current scientific issues, SUNRISE results and research perspectives.

In addition, a detailed brochure will be available soon.

 
             
TRAINING FUTURE RESEARCHERS
             
  Imgae & Imgae   SUNRISE invests in the training of future researchers  
   

In October, the LIPM welcomed M2 students in plant biology from Toulouse III Paul Sabatier University on the Heliaphen phenotyping platform.

ENSAT engineering students were also invited to produce 5 posters at the Sunflower and Climate Change Symposium. Pierre Maury, teacher researcher ENSAT, offers 3rd year engineering students - as part of their module "Input-Intensive Economy Systems" - to work on a scientific theme associated with the Symposium and to present their work in the form of posters during the Symposium.

 
             
SUNFLOWER AND CLIMATE CHANGE SYMPOSIUM
             
  Imgae   The international scientific symposium of SUNRISE organized in Toulouse in February 2018: "Sunflower and climate change Symposium"  
   

As part of the SUNRISE project, the international conference will take place on February 5 and 6, 2018 at the Hôtel-Dieu Saint-Jacques in Toulouse. The symposium is organized in 5 sessions: « Genome functioning and diversity », « Emergent pests and diseases », « Resilience and stability of production », « Predicting from local to global scales » et « Future of sunflower breeding ».

Thanks to sponsors: INRA BAP, Occitanie region, ESOF, Syngenta (gold), Biogemma & Euralis (Silver), Caussade Semences, Maisadour Semences & KWS (Bronze).

 
             
OTHER INFORMATION
             
  Imgae   Inter-PIA 1 seminar organized in October 2019 by the GisBV  
   

An inter-PIA 1 seminar will be organized from 2019/10/15 to 2019/10/17. The 6 species PIAs (SUNRISE, Rapsodyn, BreedWheat, Aker, PeaMUST, Amaizing), BFF, Genius and Phenome are invited. The objectives of this seminar are to promote the exchange of major results from PIA1 projects between actors and to promote future collaborations.

 
             
 

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Chief editor: Anne-Sophie Lubrano-Lavadera (INRA Occitanie-Toulouse, LIPM)

Revision committee: Antoine Gaillard (Maisadour Semences), Sandra Fuentes (INRA Occitanie-Toulouse) and Xavier Pinochet (Terres Inovia)